Urbanization challenges and housing delivery in Nigeria
Sustainable urbanization seeks to pursue development in harmony with the protection of
environmental quality. Providing an effective housing policy framework constitutes one of the major
instruments required for Sustainable urbanization. In recent decades, it has been observed that the
phenomenal rise in population, spontaneous increases in size of cities have led to acute shortage of
habitable dwelling units in Nigeria. This scenario has resulted to diverse urban problems like
overcrowding, deplorable environment, poor living conditions, inadequate and poor infrastructure,
homelessness, increased rate of poverty and social vices among several others. The need to stimulate
progressive urbanization through adequate housing delivery thus constitutes a critical challenge to
development. This paper examines existing challenges of urbanization and the housing situation in
Nigeria. The paper provides an overview as well as an appraisal of official intervention in housing
delivery. It also provides the rationale for developing an effective housing policy framework towards
achieving sustainable urban development in Nigeria. In concluding, the paper posits that existing
policy framework guiding sustainable housing and urban development must be made relevant and
effective in addressing both the present and future housing needs.
Keywords: urbanization; challenges; housing; policy framework; sustainable development.